> endobj 266 0 obj << /Title (Contacting conductivity ) /Dest [ 128 0 R /Fit ] /Parent 242 0 R /Prev 267 0 R /Next 265 0 R >> endobj 267 0 obj << /Title (Measurement techniques ) /Dest [ 128 0 R /Fit ] /Parent 242 0 R /Prev 268 0 R /Next 266 0 R >> endobj 268 0 obj << /Title (Non-linear temperature correction ) /Dest [ 125 0 R /Fit ] /Parent 242 0 R /Prev 269 0 R /Next 267 0 R >> endobj 269 0 obj << /Title (Linear temperature correction ) /Dest [ 122 0 R /Fit ] /Parent 242 0 R /Prev 270 0 R /Next 268 0 R >> endobj 270 0 obj << /Title (Temperature effect ) /Dest [ 119 0 R /Fit ] /Parent 242 0 R /Prev 271 0 R /Next 269 0 R >> endobj 271 0 obj << /Title (High conductivity measurements ) /Dest [ 119 0 R /Fit ] /Parent 242 0 R /Prev 272 0 R /Next 270 0 R >> endobj 272 0 obj << /Title (Low conductivity measurements \(pure water\) ) /Dest [ 116 0 R /Fit ] /Parent 242 0 R /Prev 273 0 R /Next 271 0 R >> endobj 273 0 obj << /Title (Conductivity measurements ) /Dest [ 116 0 R /Fit ] /Parent 242 0 R /Prev 274 0 R /Next 272 0 R >> endobj 274 0 obj << /Title (Determination of the cell constant ) /Dest [ 113 0 R /Fit ] /Parent 242 0 R /Prev 275 0 R /Next 273 0 R >> endobj 275 0 obj << /Title (Measuring conductivity ) /Dest [ 113 0 R /Fit ] /Parent 242 0 R /Prev 276 0 R /Next 274 0 R >> endobj 276 0 obj << /Title (Cable capacitance ) /Dest [ 110 0 R /Fit ] /Parent 242 0 R /Prev 277 0 R /Next 275 0 R >> endobj 277 0 obj << /Title (Cable resistance ) /Dest [ 110 0 R /Fit ] /Parent 242 0 R /Prev 278 0 R /Next 276 0 R >> endobj 278 0 obj << /Title (Frequency change ) /Dest [ 107 0 R /Fit ] /Parent 242 0 R /Prev 279 0 R /Next 277 0 R >> endobj 279 0 obj << /Title (Geometry related errors - field effects ) /Dest [ 107 0 R /Fit ] /Parent 242 0 R /Prev 280 0 R /Next 278 0 R >> endobj 280 0 obj << /Title (Contamination of electrode surfaces ) /Dest [ 107 0 R /Fit ] /Parent 242 0 R /Prev 281 0 R /Next 279 0 R >> endobj 281 0 obj << /Title (Polarisation ) /Dest [ 101 0 R /Fit ] /Parent 242 0 R /Prev 282 0 R /Next 280 0 R >> endobj 282 0 obj << /Title (What influences the measurement? )

Stainless Steel Sink Strainer, Subjects In Elementary School, Flexible Insulation Blankets, Prokofiev Sonata 7 Difficulty, Coconut Tree Information, Business Information Systems Jobs, Life Cycle Of Thrips Tabaci, " /> > endobj 266 0 obj << /Title (Contacting conductivity ) /Dest [ 128 0 R /Fit ] /Parent 242 0 R /Prev 267 0 R /Next 265 0 R >> endobj 267 0 obj << /Title (Measurement techniques ) /Dest [ 128 0 R /Fit ] /Parent 242 0 R /Prev 268 0 R /Next 266 0 R >> endobj 268 0 obj << /Title (Non-linear temperature correction ) /Dest [ 125 0 R /Fit ] /Parent 242 0 R /Prev 269 0 R /Next 267 0 R >> endobj 269 0 obj << /Title (Linear temperature correction ) /Dest [ 122 0 R /Fit ] /Parent 242 0 R /Prev 270 0 R /Next 268 0 R >> endobj 270 0 obj << /Title (Temperature effect ) /Dest [ 119 0 R /Fit ] /Parent 242 0 R /Prev 271 0 R /Next 269 0 R >> endobj 271 0 obj << /Title (High conductivity measurements ) /Dest [ 119 0 R /Fit ] /Parent 242 0 R /Prev 272 0 R /Next 270 0 R >> endobj 272 0 obj << /Title (Low conductivity measurements \(pure water\) ) /Dest [ 116 0 R /Fit ] /Parent 242 0 R /Prev 273 0 R /Next 271 0 R >> endobj 273 0 obj << /Title (Conductivity measurements ) /Dest [ 116 0 R /Fit ] /Parent 242 0 R /Prev 274 0 R /Next 272 0 R >> endobj 274 0 obj << /Title (Determination of the cell constant ) /Dest [ 113 0 R /Fit ] /Parent 242 0 R /Prev 275 0 R /Next 273 0 R >> endobj 275 0 obj << /Title (Measuring conductivity ) /Dest [ 113 0 R /Fit ] /Parent 242 0 R /Prev 276 0 R /Next 274 0 R >> endobj 276 0 obj << /Title (Cable capacitance ) /Dest [ 110 0 R /Fit ] /Parent 242 0 R /Prev 277 0 R /Next 275 0 R >> endobj 277 0 obj << /Title (Cable resistance ) /Dest [ 110 0 R /Fit ] /Parent 242 0 R /Prev 278 0 R /Next 276 0 R >> endobj 278 0 obj << /Title (Frequency change ) /Dest [ 107 0 R /Fit ] /Parent 242 0 R /Prev 279 0 R /Next 277 0 R >> endobj 279 0 obj << /Title (Geometry related errors - field effects ) /Dest [ 107 0 R /Fit ] /Parent 242 0 R /Prev 280 0 R /Next 278 0 R >> endobj 280 0 obj << /Title (Contamination of electrode surfaces ) /Dest [ 107 0 R /Fit ] /Parent 242 0 R /Prev 281 0 R /Next 279 0 R >> endobj 281 0 obj << /Title (Polarisation ) /Dest [ 101 0 R /Fit ] /Parent 242 0 R /Prev 282 0 R /Next 280 0 R >> endobj 282 0 obj << /Title (What influences the measurement? )

Stainless Steel Sink Strainer, Subjects In Elementary School, Flexible Insulation Blankets, Prokofiev Sonata 7 Difficulty, Coconut Tree Information, Business Information Systems Jobs, Life Cycle Of Thrips Tabaci, " />

conductivity of water pdf

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0000022664 00000 n 0000020477 00000 n Water quality standards Electrical conductivity is a measure of the saltiness of the water and is measured on a scale from 0 to 50,000 uS/cm. endstream endobj 1443 0 obj <>/Metadata 65 0 R/Pages 1440 0 R/StructTreeRoot 110 0 R/Type/Catalog/ViewerPreferences<>>> endobj 1444 0 obj <>/Font<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageC]/XObject<>>>/Rotate 0/StructParents 4/TrimBox[0.0 0.0 594.0 792.0]/Type/Page>> endobj 1445 0 obj <>stream 0000004165 00000 n w@�z�5 0000010639 00000 n 0000018570 00000 n

���8�fj�4MR,�ȓ��y耟��b�UZl>v�����$���e�'���U' �+�v�A�;я� 0000012912 00000 n endstream endobj startxref 0000030679 00000 n 0000007729 00000 n 0000009735 00000 n Electrical conductivity is measured in microsiemens per centimeter (uS/cm). 0000012312 00000 n 0000010585 00000 n 0000001909 00000 n 0000007331 00000 n 0000008941 00000 n 0000035044 00000 n Water conductivity. 0000010208 00000 n 0000030279 00000 n 0000021404 00000 n 0000010244 00000 n 0000034193 00000 n

0000001096 00000 n 0000019507 00000 n Ordinary distilled water in equilibrium with carbon dioxide of the air has a conductivity of about 10 x 10-6 W-1 *m-1 (20 dS/m).

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/Dest [ 95 0 R /Fit ] /Parent 242 0 R /Prev 285 0 R /Next 283 0 R >> endobj 285 0 obj << /Title (Select the right conductivity cell ) /Dest [ 95 0 R /Fit ] /Parent 242 0 R /Prev 286 0 R /Next 284 0 R >> endobj 286 0 obj << /Title (Flow-through cell ) /Dest [ 91 0 R /Fit ] /Parent 242 0 R /Prev 287 0 R /Next 285 0 R >> endobj 287 0 obj << /Title (Platinised cells ) /Dest [ 91 0 R /Fit ] /Parent 242 0 R /Prev 288 0 R /Next 286 0 R >> endobj 288 0 obj << /Title (4-pole cell ) /Dest [ 87 0 R /Fit ] /Parent 242 0 R /Prev 289 0 R /Next 287 0 R >> endobj 289 0 obj << /Title (3-pole cell ) /Dest [ 82 0 R /Fit ] /Parent 242 0 R /Prev 290 0 R /Next 288 0 R >> endobj 290 0 obj << /Title (2-pole cell ) /Dest [ 82 0 R /Fit ] /Parent 242 0 R /Prev 291 0 R /Next 289 0 R >> endobj 291 0 obj << /Title (Conductivity cells ) /Dest [ 82 0 R /Fit ] /Parent 242 0 R /Prev 292 0 R /Next 290 0 R >> endobj 292 0 obj << /Title (The conductivity meter ) /Dest [ 79 0 R /Fit ] /Parent 242 0 R /Prev 293 0 R /Next 291 0 R >> endobj 293 0 obj << /Title (Definition of terms ) /Dest [ 70 0 R /Fit ] /Parent 242 0 R /Prev 294 0 R /Next 292 0 R >> endobj 294 0 obj << /Title (What is a conductive solution? ) %PDF-1.4 %���� 0000007592 00000 n 0000003344 00000 n The graph shows the conductivity of pure water, distilled water, and typical electrolytes at 25°C. /Dest [ 67 0 R /Fit ] /Parent 242 0 R /Prev 295 0 R /Next 293 0 R >> endobj 295 0 obj << /Title (How is conductivity measured? ) 0000003638 00000 n 0000023526 00000 n 0000004973 00000 n 0000015615 00000 n 0000013261 00000 n 0000008282 00000 n /Dest [ 143 0 R /Fit ] /Parent 242 0 R /Prev 259 0 R /Next 257 0 R >> endobj 259 0 obj << /Title (TDS measurements ) /Dest [ 143 0 R /Fit ] /Parent 242 0 R /Prev 260 0 R /Next 258 0 R >> endobj 260 0 obj << /Title (Resistivity measurements ) /Dest [ 140 0 R /Fit ] /Parent 242 0 R /Prev 261 0 R /Next 259 0 R >> endobj 261 0 obj << /Title (Conductivity measurements ) /Dest [ 140 0 R /Fit ] /Parent 242 0 R /Prev 262 0 R /Next 260 0 R >> endobj 262 0 obj << /Title (Applications of conductivity measurements ) /Dest [ 140 0 R /Fit ] /Parent 242 0 R /Prev 263 0 R /Next 261 0 R >> endobj 263 0 obj << /Title (Recommendations for maintenance and storage ) /Dest [ 137 0 R /Fit ] /Parent 242 0 R /Prev 264 0 R /Next 262 0 R >> endobj 264 0 obj << /Title (Rules for reliable measurements ) /Dest [ 131 0 R /Fit ] /Parent 242 0 R /Prev 265 0 R /Next 263 0 R >> endobj 265 0 obj << /Title (Toroidal "Inductive" conductivity ) /Dest [ 128 0 R /Fit ] /Parent 242 0 R /Prev 266 0 R /Next 264 0 R >> endobj 266 0 obj << /Title (Contacting conductivity ) /Dest [ 128 0 R /Fit ] /Parent 242 0 R /Prev 267 0 R /Next 265 0 R >> endobj 267 0 obj << /Title (Measurement techniques ) /Dest [ 128 0 R /Fit ] /Parent 242 0 R /Prev 268 0 R /Next 266 0 R >> endobj 268 0 obj << /Title (Non-linear temperature correction ) /Dest [ 125 0 R /Fit ] /Parent 242 0 R /Prev 269 0 R /Next 267 0 R >> endobj 269 0 obj << /Title (Linear temperature correction ) /Dest [ 122 0 R /Fit ] /Parent 242 0 R /Prev 270 0 R /Next 268 0 R >> endobj 270 0 obj << /Title (Temperature effect ) /Dest [ 119 0 R /Fit ] /Parent 242 0 R /Prev 271 0 R /Next 269 0 R >> endobj 271 0 obj << /Title (High conductivity measurements ) /Dest [ 119 0 R /Fit ] /Parent 242 0 R /Prev 272 0 R /Next 270 0 R >> endobj 272 0 obj << /Title (Low conductivity measurements \(pure water\) ) /Dest [ 116 0 R /Fit ] /Parent 242 0 R /Prev 273 0 R /Next 271 0 R >> endobj 273 0 obj << /Title (Conductivity measurements ) /Dest [ 116 0 R /Fit ] /Parent 242 0 R /Prev 274 0 R /Next 272 0 R >> endobj 274 0 obj << /Title (Determination of the cell constant ) /Dest [ 113 0 R /Fit ] /Parent 242 0 R /Prev 275 0 R /Next 273 0 R >> endobj 275 0 obj << /Title (Measuring conductivity ) /Dest [ 113 0 R /Fit ] /Parent 242 0 R /Prev 276 0 R /Next 274 0 R >> endobj 276 0 obj << /Title (Cable capacitance ) /Dest [ 110 0 R /Fit ] /Parent 242 0 R /Prev 277 0 R /Next 275 0 R >> endobj 277 0 obj << /Title (Cable resistance ) /Dest [ 110 0 R /Fit ] /Parent 242 0 R /Prev 278 0 R /Next 276 0 R >> endobj 278 0 obj << /Title (Frequency change ) /Dest [ 107 0 R /Fit ] /Parent 242 0 R /Prev 279 0 R /Next 277 0 R >> endobj 279 0 obj << /Title (Geometry related errors - field effects ) /Dest [ 107 0 R /Fit ] /Parent 242 0 R /Prev 280 0 R /Next 278 0 R >> endobj 280 0 obj << /Title (Contamination of electrode surfaces ) /Dest [ 107 0 R /Fit ] /Parent 242 0 R /Prev 281 0 R /Next 279 0 R >> endobj 281 0 obj << /Title (Polarisation ) /Dest [ 101 0 R /Fit ] /Parent 242 0 R /Prev 282 0 R /Next 280 0 R >> endobj 282 0 obj << /Title (What influences the measurement? )

Stainless Steel Sink Strainer, Subjects In Elementary School, Flexible Insulation Blankets, Prokofiev Sonata 7 Difficulty, Coconut Tree Information, Business Information Systems Jobs, Life Cycle Of Thrips Tabaci,

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